2.2 “Relatedness” Since Seen By Historical Semantics

2.2 “Relatedness” Since Seen By Historical Semantics

There is no doubt, in addition to – and particularly – certainly experts, our intellectual language is highly organized. There is a large number of affairs amongst the solitary terminology out of a words and significance of these words, correspondingly. Certainly one of linguists, these types of affairs have been called “semantic affairs”, “experience connections” or “lexical affairs”. Such semantic affairs should be analysed and described for area, plus the next, the first ones ones relationships are to be presented.

So you can render an initial, crucial breakdown of your cutting edge, it ought to be said that there are a few research projects on this point. However, which papers are only able to tend to be several. Literary works which had been put is present below section half dozen, “A number of Work Quoted”. Opportunity delimitations only have already been produced as far as outline try worried. That paper is just an extremely quick little bit of research, the newest article authors has restricted by themselves to not enter a lot of detail, but instead just be sure to render an excellent survey of your own issue.

dos.step 1 Polysemy And Homonymy

Polysemy can be described as “a term included in semantic analysis to mention so you can a good lexical item that has a range of https://datingranking.net/cs/guyspy-recenze/ other meanings” (Crystal 1997, 297). Amazingly provides while the analogy to own polysemy the fresh lexical product “plain”, which has the various definitions “clear”, “unadorned”, “obvious”, etc.(ibid. Crystal).

Now, the problem one to comes up having linguists is how to separate polysemy off a different sort of ambiguity, off homonymy. Amazingly talks of homonymy because “a term utilized in semantic analysis to refer so you can [two or more] lexical things that [happen to] have the same form, however, disagree inside meaning” (Amazingly 1997, 185). Crystal’s advice here are “bear” and “ear”. “Bear” is also determine an animal or may have the meaning out-of “to create”, “ear” is also make reference to your body or perhaps to corn (ibid. Crystal).

Within these examples, homonymy discusses both verbal and you will composed models, however it is along with possible that the name of a couple lexemes is in one medium, in which particular case linguists would talk about limited homonymy otherwise heteronymy (ibid. Crystal). You can separate 2 kinds of limited homonymy:

– Homography: a couple lexical factors have a similar written mode, but disagree within the pronunciation (a good example could be the two lexical bits of “lead”, you to obvious [li:d] and definition “to be in front side”, another pronounced [led] and you will identifying a different type of steel). – Homophony: a few lexical factors have a similar enunciation, however, disagree inside spelling

(elizabeth.grams. both lexical factors “led” and you can “lead”, each of that are noticable [led], the original as being the early in the day demanding regarding “to lead”, aforementioned again identifying a separate variety of material).

two sorts Of Ambiguity

For this reason, polysemy and you may homonymy are going to be popular off one another of the present or lost relatedness between your definitions which will be designated to just one phonological setting. What’s the center of number, is the concern about what the amount this concept out-of “relatedness” are specified. In other words: just how can “relatedness” feel discussed? In the event that a clear and real definition might possibly be offered, the whole disease would-be repaired, having then experience off phonological versions whose relatedness might be turned out might be named “homonymy”, whoever relatedness can not be turned out could well be called “polysemy”. However, as happens many times in neuro-scientific semantics, one cannot give an obvious and indisputable concept of the phrase “relatedness”. There are 2 earliest answers to this dilemma, you to definitely given by historical semantics, additional by the synchronic semantics.

Historical semantics interprets the notion “relatedness” primarily genetically which talks off polysemy if the an effective lexeme having various other definitions carries the same etymological origins (Kastovsky 1982, 121). Examples was “game” to your a couple of meanings “wildlife” and you can “lively craft” otherwise “funny” definition sometimes “strange” otherwise “amusing”. Each other instances let you know lexemes whoever some other significance have the same etymological roots and they are therefore interpreted as polysemy by historic semantics.

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